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Plants Get Water Through The Roots Because Of
Plants are living organisms that require water to survive. They get water through their roots because of capillary action and transpiration pull. Capillary action is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of external forces like gravity. Transpiration pull is the force that pulls water up from the roots to the leaves of a plant. The combination of these two forces allows plants to get water through their roots.
The process of getting water through the roots starts with the root hairs. Root hairs are tiny extensions of the root epidermis that increase the surface area of the root for better absorption of water and nutrients. When there is more water outside the root than inside, water moves into the root by osmosis. Once inside, water moves through the root cortex and into the xylem vessels.
Xylem vessels are long tubes made up of dead cells that transport water and minerals from the roots to other parts of the plant. The movement of water through xylem vessels is driven by transpiration pull. Transpiration pull occurs when water evaporates from the leaves of a plant, creating a negative pressure that pulls water up from the roots.
The process of getting water through the roots is essential for plant growth and survival. Without it, plants would not be able to transport nutrients and minerals from the soil to other parts of their bodies. They would also not be able to maintain turgor pressure, which is necessary for keeping their leaves and stems upright.
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