what DLC means in medical terms
What is DLC in Medical Terms
DLC stands for differential leukocyte count. It is a type of blood test that measures the number and types of white blood cells (WBCs) in your body. WBCs are a type of immune cell that helps your body fight infection. The DLC test can help your doctor diagnose a variety of medical conditions, including
* Autoimmune disorders
* Blood cancers
The DLC test is performed by drawing a small amount of blood from your arm. The blood is then placed on a slide and stained so that the WBCs can be seen under a microscope. The technician will count the number of each type of WBC and calculate the percentage of each type in your blood.
The normal range for the DLC test varies depending on your age, sex, and health status. However, in general, the following percentages are considered normal
* Neutrophils 40-70%
* Lymphocytes 20-40%
* Monocytes 2-8%
* Eosinophils 1-4%
* Basophils 0-1%
If your DLC test results are outside of the normal range, it may indicate a medical condition. Your doctor will discuss your results with you and recommend further testing if necessary.
Here are some of the things that can cause an abnormal DLC test
* Infection An infection can cause an increase in the number of neutrophils, lymphocytes, or monocytes.
* Allergies Allergies can cause an increase in the number of eosinophils.
* Autoimmune disorders Autoimmune disorders can cause an increase in the number of lymphocytes or monocytes.
* Blood cancers Blood cancers can cause an increase in the number of all types of WBCs, or a decrease in the number of some types of WBCs.
If you have any questions about the DLC test, please talk to your doctor.