Captain John Smith (baptized 6 January 1580 – 21 June 1631) was an English soldier, explorer, colonial governor, admiral of New England, and author. He played an important role in the establishment of the colony at Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in North America, in the early 17th century. He was a leader of the Virginia Colony between September 1608 and August 1609, and he led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay, during which he became the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area. Later, he explored and mapped the coast of New England.
John Smith was born in 1580 in Willoughby, Lincolnshire, England. He was the eldest of three sons of George and Alice Smith. His father was a yeoman farmer, and Smith was expected to follow in his footsteps. However, Smith had a thirst for adventure, and at the age of 16, he left home to join the English army in France.
Smith fought in the French Huguenot Wars for two years, before returning to England in 1599. He then traveled to the Mediterranean Sea, where he served as a mercenary in the Austrian army fighting against the Ottoman Turks. He was captured by the Turks and sold into slavery, but he eventually escaped and returned to England.
In 1606, Smith joined the Virginia Company of London, a group of investors who were planning to establish a colony in North America. The Virginia Company sent three ships, the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery, to the New World in December 1606. Smith was one of 105 passengers on the ships.
The ships arrived at the Chesapeake Bay in April 1607, and the colonists founded the settlement of Jamestown on May 14, 1607. The colonists faced many challenges during the early years of the settlement, including disease, starvation, and conflict with the Native Americans.
Smith emerged as a leader in the Jamestown colony early on. He was a skilled soldier and a strong advocate for discipline and hard work. In September 1608, Smith was elected President of the Virginia Council. He served as President for the next nine months, during which time he implemented a number of reforms that helped to improve the condition of the colony.
Exploration of the Chesapeake Bay
In December 1608, Smith embarked on an expedition to explore the Chesapeake Bay. He and his crew traveled up the James River and the Chickahominy River, mapping the area and trading with the Native Americans. Smith returned to Jamestown in February 1609 with a map of the Chesapeake Bay that was far more accurate than any previous map.
In December 1607, Smith was captured by the Powhatan Native Americans. He was taken to the village of Werowocomoco, where he met Pocahontas, the daughter of the Powhatan chief. Pocahontas is said to have saved Smith’s life by intervening on his behalf with her father.
Smith spent several weeks with the Powhatans before being released. He returned to Jamestown in January 1608 with a supply of food that helped the colony to survive through the winter.
Return to England
In August 1609, Smith was injured in a gunpowder explosion. He returned to England to recover from his injuries. He never returned to Jamestown, but he continued to write and publish about his experiences in the New World.
After returning to England, Smith focused on his writing career. He published several books about his travels and adventures, including A True Relation of Such Occurrences and Accidents of Noted as Hath Happened in Virginia Since the First Planting of That Colony (1608) and The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles (1624).
Smith also continued to promote the colonization of North America. He was instrumental in the founding of the Plymouth Colony, the second permanent English settlement in North America.
Smith died in London on June 21, 1631, at the age of 51. He was buried in the churchyard of St. Sepulchre-without-Newgate.
Captain John Smith is considered to be one of the most important figures in the early history of the United States. He played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Jamestown Colony and the exploration of the Chesapeake Bay. He was also a prolific writer and cartographer, and his works helped to promote the colonization of North America.
Smith’s legacy is complex and controversial. He has been both praised and criticized for his leadership style and his treatment of Native Americans
WebCaptain John Smith (b. 1580–d. 1631) won honors and experience as a volunteer soldier on the continent before joining the first group of Virginia colonists who. WebAbstract. This article focuses on the famous American explorer Captain John Smith. Decisive leader, prolific writer, and astute American visionary, Captain John Smith was.
Captain John Smith
John Smith (U.S. National Park Service)
Captain John Smith – Settling the First Colony – Legends of America
John Smith | Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, VA
Captain John Smith
Source: The Civil War
Captain John Smith | Library of Congress
Source: Library of Congress
Captain John Smith – D23
John Smith | Jamestown, Pocahontas, & Adventures | Britannica
Captain John Smith : London Remembers, Aiming to capture all memorials in London
John Smith and Virginia
Source: Virginia Places
What Is Captain John Smith, John Smith | A Brief Biography, 15.54 MB, 11:19, 10,439, JYF Museums, 2022-03-23T22:01:23.000000Z, 9, Captain John Smith, chesapeakebay.net, 447 x 670, jpg, , 10, what-is-captain-john-smith
What Is Captain John Smith.
If you need to stay busy for a couple of months, look no further than the writings of John Smith to keep you occupied. A prolific author with an itch for adventure, John Smith traveled more than many people will in their entire lifetime. The decisions he made had a staggering impact on those he met, and have continued to impact the lives of many people and the history books today. This video aims to capture the big picture of John Smith’s life and the legacy he has left behind.
A few links to John Smith’s writings to check out –
The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England & The Summer Isles Together with the True Travels, Adventures and Observations, and A Sea Grammar By Captaine John Smith
The True Travels, Adventures, and Observations of Captain John Smith into Europe, Asia, Africa and America, by John Smith
A Sea Grammar
A True relation of such occurrences and accident of note, as hath hapned at Virginia, since the first planting of that Collony by John Smith (1608)
Captain John Smith
WebAbstract. This article focuses on the famous American explorer Captain John Smith. Decisive leader, prolific writer, and astute American visionary, Captain John Smith was.
John Smith | A Brief Biography
John Smith, Jamestown and the Roots of America
Jamestown – John Smith and Pocahontas
Captain John Smith
Captain John Smith
SMITH'S FORT (fort built by Captain John Smith)
The Dramatic Real Life Story Of Pocahontas | Pocahontas And Captain John Smith | Real History
Jamestown John Smith
John Smith's Virginia Map – One of the First Detailed Maps of the English New World
What is captain john smith.
What is captain john smith
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What is captain john smith famous for
What is captain john smith famous for What is captain john smith known for.
What is captain john smith known for
What is captain john smith known for What is captain john smith famous for.
www.livescience.com › 40898-captain-john-smithJohn Smith of Jamestown: Facts & Biography | Live Science
Capt. John Smith (Image credit: Public domain.) John Smith was an English explorer, soldier and writer best known for his role in establishing the first permanent English colony in the, .
virginiahistory.org › learn › captain-john-smithCaptain John Smith | Virginia Museum of History & Culture
American Indian History Captain John Smith (VMHC Rare F229 S7 G3 1624 Oversize) John Smith (baptized 1580 –1631), an English soldier, author, and adventurer, played a crucial role in establishing the Virginia colony at Jamestown, England’s first permanent settlement in North America, in 1607. .
thehistoryjunkie.com › captain-john-smith-factsCaptain John Smith Facts and Accomplishments – The History Junkie
John Smith died June 21, 1631. He was buried in 1633 in the south aisle of Saint Sepulchre-without-Newgate Church, Holborn Viaduct, London. The church is the largest parish church in the City of London, dating from 1137. Captain Smith is commemorated in the south wall of the church by a stained glass window. .
www.nps.gov › life-of-john-smithCaptain John Smith – Historic Jamestowne Part of Colonial …
Captain John Smith was an adventurer, soldier, explorer and author. Through the telling of his early life, we can trace the developments of a man who became a dominate force in the eventual success of Jamestown and the establishment of its legacy as the first permanent English settlement in North America. .
www.history.com › topics › colonial-americaJohn Smith: Facts, Life & Pocahontas | HISTORY
English soldier and explorer Captain John Smith was born in Lincolnshire and had an adventurous life as a soldier, pirate, enslaved person, colonist and author—though many historians question, .